“I believe that mandalas are of the most powerful modes for the raising of consciousness and the igniting of collaboration.  The principles of the mandala underly the regenerative designs and collaborations that I orchestrate.”

What are mandalas?


Mandalas are an ancient and sacred art that can be found in cultures and religions around the world. A mandala can be as simple as a circle drawn in the sand, as beautiful as a cathedral rose window, or as sophisticated as a multi-terraced, pyramid temple like like those of the Aztecs or Mayans. Working with a blossoming circular mandalas unfold outwards from the centre, taking a flow of their own. Mandalas are an art that organically involves symbolism, color-meaning, and numerology.  Meaning  hangs in the spaces between the radial geometrical symmetry of a mandala.

Mandala Making

Time Magazine photo of Carl Jung reviewing a Tibetan mandala.

Making a mandala is a potent process for exploring one’s subconscious, developing one’s intuition and revealing personality.  Carl Jung was one of the first to use mandala making with his patients as a means of psychotherapy and self-discovery. By reviewing a mandala made by a patient, profound insights could made gleaned, by both the patient and the practitioner.

Jung was awed by the results. Likewise, I’ve been awed by the results. The simple process of mandala making inevitably leads to personal and collective insights. In a group it generates a web of energy that quickly ascends to much more than the sum of its parts. In the group mandala making workshops that I have led around the world I have watched as collaborations turn magical: a group of people can come together, often strangers, and make something so beautiful and harmonic, they are all blown away.

The true mandala is always an inner image, which is gradually built up through (active) imagination, at such times when psychic equilibrium is disturbed or when a thought cannot be found and must be sought for, because it is not contained in holy doctrine.

-C.G.Jung – Psychology and Alchemy, Princeton University Press, 1993, paragraph 123.

Since Carl Jung first pointed to mandalas as a reflection of the collective unconsciousness, psychologists and therapists have used mandalas as potent introspective tools. I have used mandala making, both with individuals and groups as a way to mine personal and interpersonal insights. Through mandala making, an individual’s, a groups, even a community’s shadows, character, dynamics, are put into the light.

Guided by Intention

At the core of any mandala, is an intention.  One could say that this is the unseen center, that guides the entire unfolding.  A person can make a mandala for themselves– the mandala will then become a mirror of the maker.  A mandala can be made for peace– it will soon come to contain peaceful symbols, colors and geometry.  A mandala can be made for a Church window– soon it will use the numerology, the symbols and stories of the religious community.  But, not only will it reflect the intention, the process will applify, refine, and sharpen the original intention.

Take for example a Cathedral Rose window.  In France, the making of a rose window could talk decades.  It would be done in consultation with the priest and bishop to ensure that it reflected the patron saint of the Church and their particular theology at the time.  However, once completed, the window, shinning Sunday after Sunday for centuries would become the subtle yet definitive experience for the Church’s community.   In the same way, the sun calendar of the Aztecs, the grand Hindu temples of Borrobodur, the standing stones of Stone Henge, became over time the structure for rituals and religion.

In the past, the manifestation and amplification of the seed intention were incidental.  However, learning from the creations (both physical and social) we can put mandalas to use consciously as a means to amplify our intentions– from the present far into the future.

Consciousness Raising

Mandala making is a fundamentally meditative, reflective process.  Because of this the process directs the attention and focus of the maker or makers onto the intention of the creation.  The intention likewise determines the medium, the physical space, and the process.  These elements then determine the geometry, colors, symbols and numberology of the mandala.  As the process unfolds with the intention as a guide and the participants deeper then relationship with the medium of the mandala,

Let’s take for example, the medium of the mandala.  A mandala can be made from just about anything.  I’ve made mandals from everything from condoms to picked-up plastic litter!  In the latter case, the process of myself and my students walking around town picking up plastic, inevitably put attention on the picked up plastic, it’s context, cause and consequence.  Likewise a mandala made as a blessing for a new home, puts attention on the home and the intention for good things for the new path it represents.  A mandala made for Church window will not only incorporate all the story and spirituality of the specific religious community, the attention of the creative process will come to defining that Church.

Regardless of the theme or the medium of the mandala the process is invariably one of consciousness raising. The participants deepen their relationship with the aspects of the core intention– especially with the medium and place of the mandala.

The consciousness raising properties of mandalas have vast import to our times of ecological and social crises– crisis was which are fundamentally caused by a lack of consciousness.

The Tibetan Tradition

We can learn much from one of the world’s most developed and refined mandala making traditions.  In the Tibetan tradition, groups of monks would work in silence for days and weeks at a time to compose intricate mandalas from grains of coloured sand around a specific intention: perhaps blessing a new temple, asking for peace in a conflict, harmony in a community, etc.  Without speaking, the monks would work together within the dynamic of the blossoming symmetry.   In this way their collective intention and prayer for the space was made.  The intense and focused process of making a mandala, of holding the specific intention, would deeply effect not only the mandala makers, but those observing the process. In so doing the collective consciousness of the surrounding community would be raised towards the focus of the intention.


Group Mandalas

In the same way as the TIbetans make mandala, a group can come together to make a collective mandala. The process is a profound experience in collaboration and consciousness raising.   When groups of people make mandalas, the dynamics of personality and interpersonal interaction are likewise laid bare.  This powerful dynamic of focused collective attention raises both the consciousnesses of the participants and of the group.  When the group has a chance to process the experience afterwards, profound insights are inevitably mined.


Applying Mandalic Principles to Collaboration

The principles of the mandala can dramatically empower collaborations.  Let us review the making a sand mandala to draw out the core principles at play.

  1. First, the intention is clear to all participants and those observing.
  2. Second, the circular geometry, or unfolding pattern, is also coherent and accessible.
  3. Third, the medium of the mandala (sand in this case) is accessible to all.
  4. Fourth, the tools and technique to join are accessible (in this case the specialist sand dropping tool restricts accessibility to participation to experienced monks).
  5. Finally, the end of the creation (he destruction of the mandala and dispersal of the sand to rivers and streams), is an intended and planned part of the creation.

By following and applying these principles, mundane collaborations can be otherwise supercharged with viral spread and the empowerment of participants into new leaders of new nodes and circles of the mandala.

Best of all, anyone can join the mandalas co-creation. By design, the mandala uses readily available materials, to be welcoming and inspiring, a new participant has but to grasp the unfolding geometry and begin their contribution to it.


My First Mandalic Mobilization

In 2009, after leading many collaborative mandala projects, I discovered ‘Ecobricks’.  Ecobricks are a super simple solution for plastic waste– by packing a plastic bottle full of plastic, one can make a building block that can be used on over and over.  I was amazed at the potential of this low-tech solution, and decided that seeing the concept spread, trumped my work making artistic mandalas.  However, as I was in the groove of making collaborative mandalas, I inadvertently applied the same principles to my work sharing ecobricks.  The results were staggering, and have fundamentally changed the course of my art and life.

As I went school to school, village to village sharing the ecobrick technique, I held on to the following mandalic principles:

  1.  I made sure that I was setting the example.  As the center of the mandala, and the orchestrator, I realized I played a part in setting the pattern and the intention.
  2. I made sure that the intention was clear: “Let’s keep our plastic out of the environment”.  I made sure that the intention and core concept was widely available to all through a free PDF guidebook that put on our website.
  3. I made sure that the door to participate in the unfolding was wide open to as many people as possible– this meant keeping the technique as simple as possible, using only local materials, using only universally available and with negligible cost.

The ecobrick making began with me in my house.  As I shared it to my neighbourhood school, other schools in the area expressed interest.  I went and visited them, and then more.  Within a few months the superintendent endorsed ecobricking to all 263 schools in the district.  I visited many, and our guidebook went out to all.  Then, other school districts began to follow suit.  The undersecretary of education was paying attention, and mandated ecobricking in over a thousand more schools.

It was thus, that ecobricks spread to several thousand schools in under two years, with only my un-funded orchestration.  The spread of ecobricking continues exponentially in south east asia.  In comparison, in other parts of the world, ecobricking, shared with only a slightly different methodology, has grown then dropped off in Central America and South America.


The Future

I use these principles of mandalic co-creation  to orchestrate movements with hundreds or thousands of people.   In contrast to the compulsion of capital economy to pull  people into participation, mandalic unfolding leverages much more profound and human motivations to inspire participation: belonging, community, beauty, harmony.

Although the mandala itself might not be visible, as long as the principles are there, before you know it dozens, then hundreds of people are contributing to a co-creative intention. There is no leader. The intention and vision lead the way– but of course morph organically (and appropriately) as the collaboration blossoms.

Our world stands to transcend compulsion once and for all.  One day, when everything is being done for reasons of beauty, belonging, community and harmony, we’ll look back and shake our head at the old linear ways.

With joy I share mandala making far and wide.

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What are Mandalas?

Mandalas are an ancient and sacred art that can be found in cultures and religions around the world. Mandalas harness circular geometry and symmetry to create a pattern filled with meaning, symbolism and intention.  Their creative process enables one or more folks to come together and organically unfold consciousness raising co-creations.

Russell is a regenerative designer and inventor based in Bali, Indonesia.  He is one of the leaders of the Ecobrick movement in Indonesia and the world.  Inspired by the principles of the mandala and his time amongst the Igorot people he works to implementing deep, trans-formative innovations.  You can read more in his Regenerative Design Manifesto or follow him on Facebook and Steemit:

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